This website has been created by a professional upholsterer (who has been doing upholstery since 1966) who also does website creation. The purpose of this website is to help both professional upholsterers and do-it-yourselfers to improve their upholstery knowledge and skills. Whether your are an experience professional or an amatuer, you may ask for help or give advice.

Forum. All Registered users may use the forum to discuss upholstery related topics, ask questions, or give advice. Also, feel free to discuss general topics (in the appropriate forums).

Website Articles. Stephen has written most of the articles on this website. We are also looking for other experienced professionals who would like to write articles for this website. We are open to consider all types of articles relating to furniture upholstery, slipcovers, auto upholstery, marine upholstery and other home furnishings type of articles.

Article Comments Feature: The comment sections below each article are for discussing how to improve the article. When writing a comment attached at the bottom of an article, please keep those comments on track about the topic of the article. Otherwise they will be deleted.

Code of Conduct

All members of this website must agree to and to act in accord with this Code of Conduct.

All members are to treat all the other members and website visitors with honor and respect.

............... more to follow .........................

Comment Submission Guidelines

All Content is Monitored

Because of the abundance of spam and other inappropriate content that is posted on various websites, all comments posted on this website are monitored. Whenever anyone writes and submits a message on this website, the message is not instantly published, but is put into an "Aproval Queue" to await administrator aproval. At the same time an automatic message is sent to the administrator notifying him that a new message has been submitted. If the message is appropriate and follows these guidelines, the administrator may then approve and publish the message. If you have submitted a message and it hasn't been approved within 24 hours, please use the contact form to notify the administrator that you posted a message. Please copy the URL of the page where you posted your message and include that in your message

No spam or inappropriate messages will be published.

 Be Polite, Courteous, and Respectful

Think about what you want to say before you say it. If you are sharing, in an article or in a comment, realize that there is more than one way to do something. Your way is not the only right way. If fact, there may not be ONE RIGHT WAY, but there may be various ways. We each use the skills and talents that we have picked up over the years.

Focus on explaining and describing your advice, skill, or suggestion to make it as clear as possible. Good writers often rewrite their articles at least several times to make it a precise as possible. If you don't have time to finish your writing, you can save your message as unpublished. (Go to the bottom of the page you are writing, click on "Publishing Options", then uncheck the box that says "published. Then you can save your page and it won't show up on the website until you have finished it. When you are finished with the page, put a check in the box that says "published".)

Don't use emotionally charged words. For example, don't critisize or condemn what another has written. It's NOT OK to say things like, "I am a professional, I would NEVER do it that way. MY way is the ONE right way to do something. Your way is NO GOOD!" These types of comments turn off any readers and make whatever you say undesireable. Instead, take the time and the EFFORT (yes, good writing takes effort) to clearly explain the details of each step of how you do something. If you do something well, clearly explain yourself and what you do.

IF you do something differently, or if you disagree with the way one person has said something, it is perfectly OK to say something politely like this, "IN that situation I have an alternate technicque that works well for me.Then describe in detail how you do it and why it works well for you. Do not compare your work to another in a way that degrades the work of another.

The writings in this website are monitored. The comments go into an approval queue before they are published. The administrator personally inspects every comment before it is approved. Those messages that don't follow these guidelines will either not be published, be deleted, or will be edited before they are published.

It is OK and desirable to mention that you are a professional upholsterer. It will help people value what you have to say. However, it is not OK to use your standing as a weapon to try to put someone else down. Likewise, any prideful writers, who want to just get attention, or who want to prove themselves right, will have their writings deleted, edited, or returned for rewrite.


Anyone who abuses their privileges will be banned from the website.

How to Use The Menus


How to use the menus on this website.

This website is divided into separate sections. Each section is constructed as a book, with a connected set of pages. Each book has its own menus, which appear in a side menu. (Note, in the future we may change the theme colors or the theme. This, of course, make the text and background colors different than the below pictures, but it would still work the same.)

To use the menus:

1. Click on your selection on the top menu.

top menu

2. This will open a the "book menu" for your chosen topic. Click on a menu item in that list (In this case we chose "Customer Relations")

(Notice that our chosen menu item, Customer Relations, has an ">" arrow point at the left of it. The arrow point indicates that there are more menu choices linked to that menu item.)

3. Another menu choice has opened up under our chosen one.

Choose Second menu item

4. Choose and click on your chosen menu item. As shown below, the desired article apears in the middle of the page.

This article has several keywords under the main title. You can also find other similar articles by clicking one one of the keywords. Notice how the mouse pointer is under the keyword "Polyfoam".

 5. If you want to see more articles containing any of the keywords, click on the keyword.

For example, we clicked on the keyword "Polyfoam", and a list of other articles with that keyword are listed (See below).

(Note, not all the articles have keywords yet, but we are working on adding more.)


Requesting Help and Advice

I’m happy to give advice or help you with your projects, when I have time. The Contact or Feedback forms of my main website, www.wintersewing.com, are primarily for the use of my potential upholstery clients. The Contact/Feedback form on this website is for people just need a quick answer about something, or who have questions about how to register, login, or use this website. For most questions, use the following method to request help.

Asking For Help

For people who are looking for help or advice on a project, here is the process. Many of the inquiries I get require a fair amount of time to give an appropriate response. To save my time (so that I don’t have to repeatedly answer similar questions), and to be better able to help others, I prefer the message and responses be posted here on this website so that others also may read them and benefit. To post* your message, you must first register and log on to the website. Here is the procedure. (If you have any questions, please use the feedback form and ask. Clearly explain what youhave done and what the response was, including any error messages.)

  1. Register as a user of this website. After you register a validation email will be sent to you with your username and password. (Note: if you have trouble registering, or never receive your registration email, email me or use the Contact form. I'll register to you manually so you can log in and post your message.
  2. Now you are ready to post a message.
    1. If you have a general question, ask it in the forums.
    2. If, & only if, you are asking a question about one of the articles on the website, post your comment or question, in the comment form, at the bottom of that article. (If you are unsure where to post your message, post it in one of the forums.)
    3. The administrator(s) of this website will be automatically notified of your posted message no matter where you put it on this website. Your message will be answered as time allows.
  3. Not Working Yet: You will be notified when someone replies to your message. This website is equipped with a subscription module. Whenever anyone posts a comment in reply to any of your messages or comments, you will be automatically notified by email, which will contain the link to the response message. Click on the link and you will be taken to the comment that has been posted to your message on this website.

Additional Notes:

There are multiple types of Questions and Answers
Asking for Help
When you ask for help, your question should contain all the information needed. If you ask a quick question without thinking out what you are really asking, then you are delaying any response. When you ask a quick question, then it requires that the responder to ask you a series of questions so they can get enough information to answer your question. If I'm the one who sees your question I might not answer your question because of all the time it would take to get anough information so I can answer the question..
To ask a question:
Supply a picture when appropriate. This requires you to learn how to add pictures to your messages. A picture can literally get you a better answer than giving hundreds of words in explanation.
Take the time to think out what you are really asking. For ideas about how to  ask a question, go here and here, only apply those principles to asking a question about upholstery.
You might want to write it out on your Microsoft Notepad in advance (if you use a typical Word Processor, it complicates the copying process.) When you have your request written out, you can copy copy the text from your Notepad window and paste it into the textbox window of this website.
Answering a Question, There are two main ways of answering a question: 1. How it was done, and 2. How to do it.. 
  1. How it was Done: This type of answer tells you how something was done. This is not a step by step of how to do something, but is rather just a guidepost to point you in the right direction. You will still have to figure out a lot yourself. This reply can be anything from one sentence up to a short paragraph. This is the most common type of reply because it doesn't take much time to write out. This type of answer might be all that another profession may need because the pro already knows what is necessary to ... He/she just needs to be reminded of what to do. However, this short answer often doesn't tell the amatuer how to do it.
  2. How to do it. This type of instruction will go into much more detail, clearly explaining each step that the amatuer needs to know in order to complete his/her project. However, this detailed type of instruction takes a lot more time and effort to write. Since we only have a limited amount of time I mainly write this amount of detail in one of the articles on this website. I mainly choose to write articles that apply to a wide variety of people. 

*Note: if you have followed all the instructions and are still unable to post the message, send the message to me (using the Contact for or email) and I'll post it for you, then give you a response.


Please do not post any messages at the bottom this page. Post messages in the forum or at the bottom of appropriate pages. Thank you.

Website Info

Adding Pictures from your own web albums


The first thing to understand is that you must only post pictures that you own or have a right to publish. Do not link to pictures that you do not have a right to use.

 To Use a picture you have on the Internet elsewhere:

    1. First start a message on open the WYSIWYG editor (instructions for opening the editor yet to be written)
    2. Click on the image icon  Picture Icon  This will bring up an "insert/edit image" message box. (see paragraphs 10 & 11 at the bottom of this page.)
    3. Put the locaton of your image in the "Image URL" text box.
    4. Click on the "Alignment" (which will say "not set") and chose "left" (or one of the other choices.)
    5. If you want to put a white space (recommended) between your text and the pictures, put "10" in both the "Verticle space" and the "Horizontal space" text boxes.
    6. Now you are ready to insert the image into your message. Click on "Insert" (at the bottom of the "Insert/edit image" box) and the "Insert/edit image" box will close, leaving you back at your wysiwy message window.
    7. If the picture isn't where you want you can drag in around in the wysiwyg window.
    8. When you are finished with your message, to get your pictue to show, you need to choose the Input Format. Under the left side of the wysiwyg editing window, click on "Input format". Choose "full HTML". (If you don't don't do this, your picture won't show after you have submitted it.)
    9. To Save your message, scroll down to the bottom of your web browser window and click the "submit" button. (you can also do a preview before saving, but make sure you still "submit" it before leaving.

    Adding Pictures to Your Posts

    As a registered user on this website you can add images and pictures to your messages, articles, and blogs. On the left is an example of a picture that can be added to your writings. Click on the picture and you will see it takes you to a large copy of the picture in another page. Linking to a large copy of the picture is one of the things we will teach you in this tutorial (once it is finished).

    There are two ways to use pictures in your messages. You can upload the pictures to this website (which is described below) or you can use the pictures that you have elsewhere on the Internet, which is describe on another page here

    Read the whole set of instructions before beginning.



    To Upload a picture to this website and use it in a message:

    As a privileged use of this website, you can use your own pictures in your messages, and on other pages. This is how it works. First you upload your picture to a folder (which is your personal image folder). [Once the picture is in the folder, you can reuse it as many times as you like.] Then you insert the picture into your messages and other web pages.


    1. Begin

    First, Rename Your Photos. When the images are uploaded to our website, they will be listed by name. When you have a number of photos in the website folder will be easier for you to find the photos when the photos have a name that describes what the photo is about. For example, "Sofa-Outside-Arm.jpg" If you have a sequence of photos about the same thing, just add a two-digit number at the end. Rename your photos to describe what the picture is about. For example: "Sewing-Dble-Welt-01.jpg"  "Sewing-Dble-Welt-02.jpg", etc.  The names should contain NO SPACES, use a hyphen between words in the name. I generally captalize each word with a hyphen "-" between each word in the name to make it easier to read. Give the photos a name that will make sense as you look down the list of name to find the photo that you want.

    When you are ready you will need to start a comment, forum topic, or article. This will bring up the Wysiwyg (What You See IWhat You Get) editing window.

    After starting your message:

    After you have typed some of your text into the Wysiwyg editor, choose where you want the image to be in your message by clicking in that location. (For instance, if you want your message on the left side of the screen, below a paragraph, click on the left side at the location you want to picture.) After you have clicked, you should see a blinking cursor line at the location you clicked. If you don't see it, try again in another location nearer the text.

    To upload your picture(s), start by clicking on the image icon at the top of the WYSIWYG editor window.

    This will bring up an "Image Properties" message box.

     (click on the picture to enlarge.)

    Click on the Browse Server (C) button. (as shown in above picture.)

    This will bring up the "File Browser". In the photo, the M shows your image folder. The number (30 in the picture) will be your image folder number.

    Click on the Upload (L) link (see above picture). This will bring up a "File Upload" box. Click on the Browse button to search for the image/picture you want to upload from your computer. 

    Once you find the image, double-click on the image and the image's name will appear in the "File name" text box. Click on "Open". 

    This will take you back to the "File Upload" box, click on the "Upload" button at the bottom. If the File Upload box doesn't close on it's own, close it by clicking on the X at the upper right corner.

    You are now back at the File Browser window. Click on your image file name in the upper left pane. The picture will then show in the bottom of the window.


    Click on your picture at the bottom.

    The File Browser window will close and are now back at the Image Properties window

    Here you will need to fill in some text. First make sure that the lock (D) is closed , not open .. If it is open, then click on the lock and it will close.

    Now, depending whether you picture is wider or taller, fill in the width (E) or height (F) or about 340 and press Tab. The other height or width will automatically be fill in. You have made your image small enough to use in your message or article. You'll link it to the full sized image below.

    Skip G (It puts a black border around your image)

    Fill it HSpace (H) and VSpace (I) both with "10" (This gives some space between the text and your image.

    Set Alignment (J) to Left or Right, depending on which side you want your picture.

    Now, you need to link your small image to the full-sized image. Click on Link (B). Click on the "Browser Server" button again. Click on your image file name again, and then again click on the picture at the bottom. Click on  OK. Now you are back at the Image Properties window, still at the Link tab. Change the "Target" to say "New Window (_blank)". Now click on the OK button at the bottom.

    Congradulations, you have put a picture in your post. If you ever need to use that picture again, it will be in the File Browser for you to use again.


    If the picture isn't where you want you can drag in around in the wysiwyg window. (Sometimes when a picture is moved, it won't show up at the new location. If this happens, simply delete the picture and insert the picture again. Since you already uploaded the picture to the website, you only have to follow steps 2-3 and 9-12

    When you are finished with your message, to get your pictue to show, you need to choose the Input Format. Under the left side of the wysiwyg editing window, click on "Input format". Choose "full HTML". (If you don't don't do this, your picture won't show after you have submitted it.)

    Note - Important - Read this!: Sometimes during saving a message, the Internet or the website may have disturbance, etc. In this case, your whole message may be forever lost. To prevent this, before submitting the message, first save it to your computer, like this: Click anywhere in your message or article. Type Ctrl+A (hold the Ctrl key while typing the letter "a"), which will highlight your whole message. Then type Ctrl+C, which will copy your whole message into your computer's memory. Then, if your message gets lost, just start a new message, click in the message area, and then type Ctrl+v (which will paste your previously written message into this new message.

    To Save your message, scroll down to the bottom of your web browser window and click the "submit" button. (you can also do a preview before saving, but make sure you still "submit" it before leaving, otherwise you will loose everything that you have written.)

    ---------------- rewritten to here, the rest below here needs fixing, it is probably not useful to you. -----------------------------------


    which will then have the file name loaded in the box just to the left of the Browse button. (See bottom of picture in Number 5 above.) Now, at the bottom of the "Image/File Browser" window, make sure that there is a check mark in the "Scale if necessary" checkbox (It should already be checked)

    Click on the "Upload File" button. (There is no need to resize you files before uploading, since this will automatically resize your image file as you upload it.

    Your image will now be in an online folder, which you will now be viewing within the "Image/File Browser". At the top of the browser is the listing of image files you have in your folder. (If this is the first time you have uploaded a picture, there will only be the one file listed.) Click on the file you want to use (In this case, the file should already be chosen; it is highlighted.) The picture that you have chosen should show in the bottom pane.

    To use the image, click (or double click) on the image in the bottom window. This will take you back to the "Insert/edit image" message box. Here you can choose if you want your picture to be on the left, right, middle, etc. in your message. Click on the "Alignment" (which will say "not set") and chose "left" (or one of the other choices.)

    In the picture below it shows where you can resize your picture for your message. The dimensions in the picture read 430 X 500. Unless you have a lot of detail that you need a larger picture to show, for most pictures you will want to keep the picture sizes to 400 or less. (You only need to put one of the dimension measurements in.) When you post your message, the other dimension will be automatically calculated and filled in based upon the first dimension that you entered.

    If you want to put a while space (recommended) between your text and the pictures, put "10" in both the "Verticle space" and the "Horizontal space" text boxes.

    Now you are ready to insert the image into your message. Click on "Insert" (at the bottom of the "Insert/edit image" box) and the "Insert/edit image" box will close, leaving you back at your wysiwy message window.


    If you want to use the same picture again in a different message, the picture will already be uploaded and you won't have to upload it again. Just do steps 1-2 & 9-11 (skip steps 3-8).

    Adding Your Avatar (Picture of you) to Your Posts

    To Add Your Picture to Your Postings:

    1. If you have not already done so, crop and resize your User Picture to 85 X 85 pixels.
    2. In the left main menu, click on "My Account". This will take you to your User Account page.
    3. Click on the "Edit" tab. The will take you to "Account Information".
    4. Scroll down to "Upload Picture", click on Browse.
    5. This will allow bring up the "File Upload" box and allow you to search for your User Picture on your computer.
    6. When you find your picture, click once on the picture to highlight it, then click on the "Open" button of the File Upload box. This will take you back to your Account Information window.
    7. Scroll to the bottom of the web page and click on the "Submit" button.
    8. After the page saves your changes and refreshes, you are ready to go.
    9. Every time you post a message, or write an article, or enter any othe info, you picture will automatically appear by your post (after you save your page.)

    Note: if you need help with this, just ask. Or, if you can't figure out how to do it, send me your picture and I'll put it on your account for you.

    Best Wishes,


    email: stephen @ winterssewing.com (without the spaces)

    Website Structure

    This website currently uses Drupal 7 as the website software. An example of Drupal's capabilities can be found at the main Drupal website. Among the features that we prize most about Drupal is it's ability to create written content into a booklike structure, as can be seen here in the Drupal Documentation Pages. Here is another page that shows some of the available Content Types, each of which is useful for a different type of writing.

    This website functionally also contains the ability for each user (who has the correct permissions) to have their own blog.

    This website uses keywords to help find and organize content.

    Except for the forum, the content of this website is organized in a book structure. Each book has a Base page, with the abilility to have an almost endless ability to have child pages. There can be up to about 9 levels of child pages, so the content can be organized as needed.

    Registered Users have a very simple Wysiwyg text editor, similar to this.

    Minimal Text Editor

    Trusted users, with a higher permission level, can have a richer Wysiwig text editor (depending upon their needs), with some or all of these features:

    text editor

    This Wysiwyg text editor gives you many of the features of a standard word processor, plus a few more.

    What is the Purpose of This Website?

    We are here to serve you. This website is meant to be a place where both amatures and professionals alike can come and find information on all aspects of the uphostery profession..

    What's going on here?

    First, (after registering) to be able to participate in the ongoing discussions all over this website, you need to know what's going and and where. Below is a list of menus that tell you what messages are being posted and where. You may go to any page and leave messages (or, if you have permission, write articles).

    Receiving Your Messages: Another part of the ongoing discussion is your being notified whenever someone replies to your messages. To receive the notification of the responses, you must tell your spam software to receive messages from "*@winterssewing.com" (without the quotes). Some spam software identifies messages from this website as spam. Unless you enter the URL of this website in your spam filter, you would have to look in your spam folder for the messages.

    What's Going On, and Where?

    As explained in the "Start Here" page, this has many types of interactive web pages. One of the most important points to understand is that this website is set up as one large community interactive website. That means that if anyone posts a message or an article anywhere in this website (in the forums, adds a comment to any web page article, writes an entry in his/her blog (yes, registered users can have their own blog here), writes an article, etc), everyone can immediately know about it. Here's how people are notified:

    1. There are several links and menus that notify users of:

      1. Live Discussions: The Live discussion menu, on the left side, lists the mosts recent messages that have been posted anywhere on the website.
      2. Active Forum Topics: The "Active forum topics" menu, on the left side, shows the most recent active topics.
      3. Recent Posts : Located in the large main menu (on the left), the Recent Posts link takes you to a page that lists both,
        1. My Recent Posts: all the all the articles and posts that you have written and
        2. All Recent Posts: all the articles and posts that everyone has written on this website.
      4. My Account : Besides your account info, various tabs let you track which pages you have visited, what you have written, and where, etc.
        1. Subscriptions, a submenu of My Account. From the subscriptions window, you can choose to receive notifications about any new content added almost anywhere on te website.

    Upholstery Writers Wanted


    Are you an experienced professional upholsterer, drapery workroom worker, interior decorator or designer? Do you also have a passion for writing about upholstery and home fashion topics? To make this a better website we need more qualified writers.

    This is the type of content we are looking for:

    Articles about

    • Furniture Upholstery, 
    • Slipcovers
    • Auto Upholstery
    • Marine Upholstery
    • Window Treatments
    • We would also consider any other related topics.
    • If possible, we would also love to have pictures to accompany your articles.


    1. You'll receive a Profile page for you to describe yourself, your business, etc.,
    2. You'll be able to link to your own website
    3. As needed, or if desired, you may be able to have a higher user level with more privileges. 

    To help you learn how to use this website software, we have set up a test website for you to practice on. That way you won't have to worry about messing up things as you begin.

    For those who might be interested in writing articles for this website, email me at stephen (at) winterssewing.com

    Tell about yourself, your experience with the uphostery industry and your interest in writing. Also send some articles that you have written or send links to any articles that you have written online.