Note, we do sell this paddings. This page is merely here to give you a picture and a description of these items.
Modern Upholstery Paddings
Upholstery cotton comes in rolls of about 27" wide, about 1" thick, about 1 yard per pound, 18 to 22 pounds per roll.
Upholstery cotton is generally available in several grades, such as those listed below. (The actual grades available may very with each supplier):
|Good||10/90||Blend of first cuts and picker/binder cotton|
|Better||30/70||Blend of first cuts, gen flues, and binder|
|Best||50/50||Blend of first cuts, #1 staple, and polyester|
*Blend and description information taken from the Hoch & Selby supply catalog. Blends and descriptions from other sources may vary.
Dacron is generally used as a wrap to go around foam, as shown below.
Here is a polyfoam cushion that has been wrapped with the above Dacron Polyester.
We have worked in the following types of wool padding. Generally, when a client wants wool padding, they want natural upholstery paddings (otherwise known as green upholstery paddings). If this is the case, if you are using wool to pad the furniture, then you would use the wool pad as the under (base) padding, with the wool roll as the top padding.
This wool pad is very dense, well suited for the base padding of the furniture frame, with the wool roll padding (see below) used over this.
Wool in the Roll
This wool roll padding is very light and fluffy. It needs an under (base) padding, such as the above wool pad. When we used this padding, after putting the wool pad down, we then put about 6 to 8 layers of this padding over the top. This needs a lot of layers to give it some bulk.
This loose wool padding is suited for filling pillows and other uses that need an adjustable filling. This has a similar feel to "chopped-cotton". It is much denser than the wool in the roll. This needs no other filler because it has sufficient bulk by itself.
Paddings Used in Antiques and Older Furniture
This shows the kapok still on the tree. After the kapok has been harvested, only the soft fibers were used for upholstery.
Picture from Wikipedia.org
Dried Tree Moss
Tow (made from flax straw) has been used as padding in upholstery. The flax fibers are separated during processing so that the fibers are finer than hair.
Wood Wool (Excelsior)
Excelsior is also used wherever the padding needs fill bulk and yet be firm, such as filling leather ottomans (that have no wood frames, but rely entirely upon the filling for support. In this case, the excelsior fills most of the interior, but an inch or two at the top, which is usually cotton or foam.)